“Humanitarian Intervention from Sunnite Islamic Perspective”
Dr. Hassan Ko Nakata
(in end of Capter 5. Rescue of the Oppressed Muslims)
Although the scope of Islamic teaching of Jihad for rescue of Muslims oppressed in Dar al-Harb is limited to Muslims, it seems that we can deduce from it some implications for contemporary humanitarian intervention. Islamic teaching shows that the first choice in case of the persecution, massacre, and genocide is an escape or immigration, and the military operation for rescue is the second choice only if the oppressed people are under the condition that they cannot escape by themselves for some reasons. Obviously this can be applied to “humanitarian intervention”. The international society is responsible to provide the victims for means of escape from the emergent crises before the invasion to the country in which such crises has happened. Namely, the airplanes and helicopters should be sent not for sake of military attack but for sake of pick up the victims to bring to safe countries. It is not so unrealistic because “humanitarian intervention” presupposes the possession of command of the air or air supremacy. Of course, we can add here that the international society should make effort to facilitate immigration of these victims by ordinary diplomatic channels first, issuing visa, in addition to financial support for the travel. Here we can point out that we have a famous precedence of “Operation Magic Carpet” by which Israel brought around 54,000 Jews from Yemen to Israel during 1949-51.
Therefore the notion of “R2P” or “Responsibility of Protect” of “humanitarian intervention” should be transformed to “Responsibility to Provide all the means of immigration including dispatching airplanes, helicopters and ships”. It means as well the substantialization of “the freedom to emigrate” which is admitted in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, as "Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country". And this “rescue of the victims of the persecutions to emigrate from their countries” seems more suitable to be called “humanitarian intervention”.